Resources

Inside Stories: Harnessing Geothermal Energy – The Case of Kenya

Category: Papers

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Kenya’s heavy reliance on hydroelectricity production has made the country vulnerable to climate change impacts, such as drought and erratic rainfall patterns. Kenya needs to develop a more resilient and stable supply of electricity, while rapidly developing its base load of electricity production to meet growing demand. Kenya’s Vision 2030 strategy places priority on low-carbon development including renewable energy development – with geothermal playing a critical role.

Reducing inequality and poverty while mitigating climate change: key challenges for research and practice in middle-income countries in Africa and Latin America

Category: Papers

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What is the relationship between emissions, inequality and poverty? Growing wealth supposedly correlates with increasing emissions. Rich countries are historically high in per capita emissions, whereas poor countries have low per capita emissions. African and Latin American non-Annex I countries rank high in the statistics of emissions intensity. Where are highly unequal middle-income countries in this puzzle?

Inside Stories: Direct access to the Adaptation Fund – Lessons from accrediting NIEs in Jamaica and Senegal

Category: Papers

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Since the 2007 Bali Action Plan began to lay the foundations for international climate adaptation finance, finding effective mechanisms to channel funding to adaptation programmes in developing countries has emerged as a significant global challenge. The Adaptation Fund (AF), established under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), is one such mechanism. In order to benefit from funding through the AF, countries must first accredit a National Implementing Entity (NIE). At the time of writing there are 11 accredited NIEs from Africa, the Caribbean and South America.

Low Carbon Development and Poverty

Category: Papers

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Poverty demographics are changing with the poor no longer located in low-income countries, but increasingly in middle-income countries. Climate change poses significant challenges to policy in these countries as the majority pursue carbon-intensive development paths and will need to mitigate emissions to move towards low-carbon development paths. However, mitigation actions are not necessarily linked with poverty alleviation instruments.  This paper explores the linkages between low-carbon development, mitigation and poverty in middle-income countries. It argues that there is an urgent need to deepen understanding of the opportunities and risks that low-carbon development and mitigation activities raise in terms of fighting poverty.

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