Research Seminar: Tackling Manufacturing Pollution in the South
Date: 31 March & 1 April 2022
The uptake of productive capacities by developing countries has delivered important economic and social gains. But as productive capacities increase, countries often incur various types of air, soil, and water pollution as a consequence of manufacturing in response to domestic and foreign demand. The resulting impacts of pollution on the local environment and human health imposes a limiting factor to social development, and therefore, competitiveness.
Pollution-inducing manufacturing activity does not occur in isolation. Many of the pollution effects can be traced to exports, making the linkages between producers and buyers very important to improve environmental governance of production and trade. Across sectors, trends are observed for increasing adoption of data-production and traceability technologies which will clear the fog between production and consumption ends of the value chain, stimulating better behaviour on both ends.
Policy developments such as the EU Sustainable Products Initiative (SPI) are also likely to raise the environmental bar for products entering developed-country markets, which will increasingly tie environmental performance to the ability to compete in foreign markets.
This seminar will discuss themes related to the pursuit of SDG 12 in developing countries, especially as growing trade integration and economic diversification cast a shadow of pollution linked to local production. The seminar focuses on Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) and South Asia (SA), areas which are being supported through the Sustainable Manufacturing and Environmental Pollution (SMEP) Programme, established by UK-FCDO and implemented in partnership with UNCTAD.
In specific, four themes will be discussed, each supported by a draft research paper (available via the registration link above):
- Promoting a circular economy in the south
- Plastic pollution mitigation strategies
- Common threads among manufacturing pollution
- Mitigating pollution from Tanneries
While each session will have thematic specificities, they are united by an overarching narrative calling for attention to pollution effects other than GHG emissions. Those effects, such as water soil and air contaminants, as well as plastic pollution, all share similar patterns of damage to biodiversity, reducing ecosystems services, and indirectly increasing unknown risks such as microplastic-health interactions and release of pathogens (e.g., epidemics-inducers).
The goal of the seminar is to compare evidence structured in the four research papers (based on elements from the SMEP programme and recent thematic literature), with the experience from practitioners with thematic experience on the sectors and target regions.
The ultimate objective is to advance understanding of common themes that intersect across various types of pollution beyond climate impacts, in view of assisting the deployment of SMEP funding assistance expected in the 2nd half of 2022.
This virtual event is open to the public and is part of the Sustainable Manufacturing and Environmental Pollution Programme, supported by the UK-FCDO.
(All speakers TBC)
DAY ONE – MARCH 31, MORNING, CET/GENEVA TIME
9:00 SESSION 1 – CIRCULAR ECONOMY IN THE SOUTH
Moderator: Mr. Alessandro Sanches Pereira, IPCC Author & Instituto 17, Brazil
- Ms. Anna Balance, UK-FCDO, Bangladesh.
- Mr. Konstantinos Tsagarakis, Technical University of Crete, Greece
- Ms. Sarah O’ Carrol, Cities Lead, Ellen MacArthur Foundation, South Africa
- Ms. Saima Murtaza, Environmental Consultant, Pakistan.
10:45 SESSION 2 – PLASTIC POLLUTION MITIGATION STRATEGIES
Moderator: Dr. Carolyn Deere Birkbeck, Graduate Institute
- Mr. Chris Whyte, ACEN foundation, South Africa
- Ms. Diana Barrowclough, Senior Economist, UNCTAD
- Mr. Fadzai Munyuki, Director, Kudiwa Waste and Energy Solutions, Zimbabwe
- Mr. Dipesh Pabari, Project Leader, FlipFlopi project, Kenya
- Ms. Tze Ni Yeoh, Global Circular Packaging Manager, Danone Malaysia
12:15 END OF DAY ONE
DAY TWO – APRIL 1, MORNING, CET/GENEVA TIME.
9:00 SESSION 3 – PATTERNS OF MANUFACTURING POLLUTION IN THE SOUTH
Moderator: Mr. Harro von Blottnitz, Professor, University of Cape Town, South Africa
- Ms. Keru Munene, Open Capital Advisors
- Ms. Sheila Aggarwal Khan, UNEP Nairobi
- Ms. Jaee Nikam, SEI-Asia, Bangkok
- Mr. Arpit Bhutani, Snowpeak, India
- Mr. Desta Mebratu, UN High Level Champion Lead on Waste, Ethiopia
10:45 SESSION 4 – MITIGATING POLLUTION FROM TANNERIES
Moderator: Mr. Henrique Pacini, UNCTAD, Switzerland
- Mr. Sohail Ali Naqvi, WWF, Pakistan
- Mr. Richard Oruko, Leather development officer, Nigeria
- Mr. Amir Rashid, Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden
- Mr. Mohammad Sadat Shibli, Asia Foundation, Bangladesh
12:15 END OF DAY TWO